Title: Learning Spanish and the Pluperfect Tense

Word Count:
783

Summary:
In this Spanish lesson, we will learn the Pluperfect Tense. Whether you are learning Spanish online, with CDs, or Learning Spanish software, you will find this lesson helpful in your journey to learn how to speak Spanish.
For the most part, the Pluperfect Tense is used to express a past fact or action that occurred before another past action took place.

Keywords:
Learning Spanish Like Crazy

Article Body:
The Pluperfect Tense

In this Spanish lesson, we will learn the Pluperfect Tense. Whether you are learning Spanish online, with CDs, or Learning Spanish software, you will find this lesson helpful in your journey to learn how to speak Spanish.

For the most part, the Pluperfect Tense is used to express a past fact or action that occurred before another past action took place.

In English, this can be expressed in the following manner:

I had thought of you when you called.

Although in English we tend to use the preterite to express two consecutive actions in the past, in Spanish this is rarely the case. Instead, the Pluperfect Tense is used.

In Spanish, the above sentence is translated to:

Yo hab?a pensado en usted cuando llam?.

Notice how the auxiliary verb haber (to have) is a prominent part of this tense, both in Spanish and in English. The main verb parallels the past participle.

Let us take a closer look at the conjugation for the Pluperfect Tense for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs in Spanish.

Trabajar (to work)

yo hab?a trabajado (I had worked) nosotros hab?amos trabajado (we had worked)

Read More :  Health: Three Reasons Why You Should Lose Weight

t? hab?as trabajado (you had worked) ellos hab?an trabajado (they had worked)

?l hab?a trabajado (he had worked) ellas hab?an trabajado (they had worked)

ella hab?a trabajado (she had worked) ustedes hab?an trabajado (you had worked)

usted hab?a trabajado (you had worked)

Notice how the conjugation for this tense is easily formed by adding -?a to hab–the auxiliary verb haber’s stem. The past participle for the main verb is then added to complete the conjugation.

This conjugation format is repeated for -er and -ir verbs as well.

Comer (to eat)

yo hab?a comido (I had eaten) nosotros hab?amos comido (we had eaten)

t? hab?as comido (you had eaten) ellos hab?an comido (they had eaten)

?l hab?a comido (he had eaten) ellas hab?an comido (they had eaten)

ella hab?a comido (she had eaten) ustedes hab?an comido (you had eaten)

usted hab?a comido (you had eaten)

Salir (to go out)

yo hab?a salido (I had gone out) nosotros hab?amos salido (we had gone out)

t? hab?as salido (you had gone out) ellos hab?an salido (they had gone out)

?l hab?a salido (he had gone out) ellas hab?an salido (they had gone out)

ella hab?a salido (she had gone out) ustedes hab?an salido (you had gone out)

usted hab?a salido (you had gone out)

What follows are a few examples of the PluPerfect Tense in Spanish:

Yo hab?a salido cuando el tel?fono son?.

(I had gone out when the telephone rang.)

Juan y yo ya hab?amos cenado cuando Sra. Patricia nos ofreci? comida.

(We had already had dinner when Mrs. Patricia offered us food.)

Read More :  Title: Top 2 Ways To Look For Breast Augmentation Info Online

Mauricio hab?a hablado con su pap? cuando lleg? su mam?.

(Mauricio had spoken to his father when his mother arrived.)

Roberto y Julio hab?an bebido ron antes de llegar a la fiesta.

(Roberto and Julio had drank rum before they arrived at the party.)

Josefina no hab?a dormido mucho antes de entrarse en el avi?n.

(Josefina had not slept a lot before she entered the airplane.)

Now let?s try a few exercises. Translate the following into Spanish. The answers follow the exercise.

1. Clara had cleaned the house when her friends arrived.

2. I had practiced my Spanish before Juan called me.

3. We had eaten too much, when the dessert arrived.

4. Paco and Enrique had finished the exam when the bell rang.

5. You had changed your dollars to pesos before the bank closed.

6. They had gone to the beach before it rained.

7. Marisol and I had eaten breakfast before we went to school.

8. We had learned how to dance salsa before we traveled to Puerto Rico.

9. I had met Diego before he came here.

10. Humberto had written to Carmen when he received her letter.

1. Clara hab?a limpiado la casa cuando llegaron sus amigas.

2. Yo hab?a practicado mi Espa?ol antes de Juan llamarme.

3. Hab?amos comido demasiado cuando lleg? el postre.

4. Paco y Enrique hab?an terminado el examen cuando son? la campana.

5. T? hab?as cambiado tus d?lares a pesos antes de cerrar el banco.

6. Ellos hab?an ido a la playa antes de llover.

7. Marisol y yo hab?amos desayunado antes de ir a la escuela.

Read More :  Title: Holiday Fashion -- Know It Or Santa Might Not Be The Only One Red-Faced

8. Hab?amos aprendido como bailar la salsa antes de viajar a Puerto Rico.

9. Yo hab?a conocido a Diego antes de venir ?l aqu?.

10. Humberto le hab?a escrito a Carmen cuando recibi? su carta.

Check Also

Inilah Aplikasi Tambahan Untuk Aplikasi Whatsapp Kamu Menjadi Lebih Menarik!

Sudah menjadi makanan sehari-hari Aplikasi Whatsapp untuk kita berkomunikasi. Apalagi penyimpanan yang ringan dan sangat …

Leave a Reply